Creativity, an Essential Condition for the Development of Smart and Age-friendly Cities and Communities

The creativity of older adults and the ageing population is an essential condition for the development of “smart and age-friendly cities and communities” (SAFCC). First of all, the creativity may be understood as (1) the acceptance and use of new technologies in a creative way or as (2) the abil...

By Andrzej Klimczuk

Polymathy or polymathies: A typology proposal

Recent TED talks and books like "Range" and "The Polymath" generated great popular interest in the concept of polymathy. However, polymathy is still ill-defined in academia. Here, I propose a more systematic typology, based on the literature review carried out by Araki (2015; 2018). Polymathy...

By Michael Araki

Reducing the peer review burden and raising grant success rates by passing a simple law

Pass a law that limits the total dollars that a research organization can request from the federal government to three times the average dollars they received in previous years. This would immediately change the average success rate of grants to one in three; a major improvement from current rat...

By Scott Reed

Components of Expertise

Herling (2000:13) in his "Operational definitions of expertise and competence" outlined three basic components of expertise: knowledge; problem-solving; and experience. Here, I propose a more sophisticated differentiation that involves four types of knowledge: 1) Epistemic Knowledge; 2) To...

By Michael Araki