Components of Expertise

Herling (2000:13) in his "Operational definitions of expertise and competence" outlined three basic components of expertise: knowledge; problem-solving; and experience. Here, I propose a more sophisticated differentiation that involves four types of knowledge: 1) Epistemic Knowledge; 2) To...

By Michael Araki

Piracy and (Digital) Economy - Beneficial side-effects of outlawed acts and black market economies for societies.

There are various pointers in recent research that suggest that product piracy as a means of distribution is a mayor factor in not only innovation but also education and economic advancement. Independent studies also show positive effects for the establishment of the class of goods that have be...

By Gernot Hausar