Coffee reuse and pre-consumer vs post-consumer waste recycling

After it was reported that used coffee grounds could be converted into a useful product it was suggested in the Times Higher Education (10 Sept 2015) that this could be a reason for the end user of coffee to use fresh rather than instant coffee. As it can be reasoned that production of instant c...

By Mark Foreman

Are we throwing away fresh water? How much fresh water is going to the landfills?

Several authors have worked and came forward with studies and papers on water use, depletion and virtual water. However little to nothing has been done to study how much water is throwed away and wasted on a daily basis in kitchens/households/offices around the world. If we take an espresso cap...

By João Filipe Galvão de Carvalho

Use of waste plastic as a reducing agent for iron ore

China's recent announcement that they will cease to accept large quantities of waste plastic has brought a growing crisis into sharp focus; global capacity for waste plastic handling is being rapidly outstripped by production. The clear solution is to find ways of profitably utilizing waste plas...

By Neil Stacey