Electric fences have been used more successfully than non-electric fences in comparable settings for a variety of animals. The frequent breaking of electric fences by large mammals such as elephants that can pull a tree down on the fence, or... continue reading
Massive conservation projects have relied around single flagship species and the surrounding ecological niche that supports it. Conservation of giant panda, tiger, and bald eagle are examples of such a species-centric or flagship-species strategy... continue reading
Chronic alcoholism forces the nervous system to be hyper-excitable as a result of homeostatic change that occurs in response to the constant sedative effects of alcohol. We propose a combination therapy targeting inhibitory neurotransmitters such... continue reading
Lateral superior olive and medial superior olive are two brainstem nuclei that compare auditory inputs from the two ears to calculate the direction of azimuthal source of sound. While the level and delay processing has been considered... continue reading
It is argued that the replacement of pay-as-you-go personal income tax ("PAYG tax") by something more efficient (e.g. a land tax or consumption tax) would offend intergenerational equity because retirees no longer pay PAYG tax, and would offend... continue reading
As today’s science is a team effort, it is essential to promote the collaboration skills for young scientists in their early careers (McNutt, 2015). In China, the China-educated young... continue reading
Hypervelocity stars move with extremely large Galactocentric velocities (~1000 km/s) and are found from their anomalous velocities, ages, and metallicities. These stars are thought to have interacted with the supermassive black hole at the center... continue reading
In conventional scientific approaches, degraded ecosystems (e.g. conventional agroecosystems due to tillage and high doses of chemical inputs) are attempted to be revived mainly through nutrients, organic matter and water management. However, they... continue reading
An increasingly familiar class of exoplanets amongst those being continually discovered is the "Super-Earth" (Valencia+2007), with a mass intermediate between Earth and Neptune. These have been... continue reading
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