A proposal to increase effectiveness of electric fence

Electric fences have been used more successfully than non-electric fences in comparable settings for a variety of animals. The frequent breaking of electric fences by large mammals such as elephants that can pull a tree down on the fence, or... continue reading

A case for habitat-centric conservation strategy instead of flagship-species approach

Massive conservation projects have relied around single flagship species and the surrounding ecological niche that supports it. Conservation of giant panda, tiger, and bald eagle are examples of such a species-centric or flagship-species strategy... continue reading

Combinatorial therapy for chronic alcoholism

Chronic alcoholism forces the nervous system to be hyper-excitable as a result of homeostatic change that occurs in response to the constant sedative effects of alcohol. We propose a combination therapy targeting inhibitory neurotransmitters such... continue reading

Coincidence of auditory brainstem inputs as a possible substrate for improving sound localisation

Lateral superior olive and medial superior olive are two brainstem nuclei that compare auditory inputs from the two ears to calculate the direction of azimuthal source of sound. While the level and delay processing has been considered... continue reading

Large scale species hybridization as a new tool for brain mapping

Cichlid fishes have undergone massive speciation in recent years. The species number of Cichlid fishes in [African lakes are in hundreds]... continue reading

Equitable methods of abolishing PAYG personal income tax

It is argued that the replacement of pay-as-you-go personal income tax ("PAYG tax") by something more efficient (e.g. a land tax or consumption tax) would offend intergenerational equity because retirees no longer pay PAYG tax, and would offend... continue reading

Young scientists need collaboration

As today’s science is a team effort, it is essential to promote the collaboration skills for young scientists in their early careers (McNutt, 2015). In China, the China-educated young... continue reading

Shovel-ready for Gaia DR2: Find hypervelocity stars from M31/LMC

Hypervelocity stars move with extremely large Galactocentric velocities (~1000 km/s) and are found from their anomalous velocities, ages, and metallicities. These stars are thought to have interacted with the supermassive black hole at the center... continue reading

Developed microbial communities in biofilm mode: the key for reinstating degraded ecosystems

In conventional scientific approaches, degraded ecosystems (e.g. conventional agroecosystems due to tillage and high doses of chemical inputs) are attempted to be revived mainly through nutrients, organic matter and water management. However, they... continue reading

Supercritical Exoplanetary Atmospheres as Potential Habitats for Extraterrestrial Aeroplankton

An increasingly familiar class of exoplanets amongst those being continually discovered is the "Super-Earth" (Valencia+2007), with a mass intermediate between Earth and Neptune. These have been... continue reading


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