The relationship between healthcare administrative costs and physician-reported efficiency measures: an international comparison.

Comparative analysis of international health systems has increased in recent years, serving to inform systemic transformations undertaken (Singapore) or explored (Vermont). Much of this analysis has focused on comparisons of various healthcare... continue reading

The Austrian Science Fund (FWF): Analyzing Decision Making and Peer Review

The legitimacy of a funding agency in basic research depends at least on the following factors:

• organization’s ability to minimize distortions in approval probability by its decision procedure
• the scientific quality of results produced by... continue reading

Endurance Hunting aa a Driver for Sexual Dimorphism and Role Differentiation

Early humans were endurance hunters. They were successful in long distance pursuit of prey. This behavioral strategy is believed to be at least 2MM years old, predating h. sapiens, and persists in Kalahari bushmen and the Tarahumara, amongst... continue reading

Time dependent and location dependent electric pricing using smart meters

Smart meters are increasingly deployed to electric endusers, with the prime goal of decreasing metering costs for the power companies.They can be set in a way that the momentary power usage is transmitted close to realtime.

Behavioral Economics: The Way Forward in Education

Behavioral Economics focuses on modelling the decision-making process of individuals, by exploring the emotional, psychological, and social factors that lead to those decisions. Although it primarily focuses on economic decisions nonetheless there... continue reading

Role of perspective in motion sickness induced by navigating a virtual environment

Some individuals report experiencing motion sickness when navigating virtual environments. While field-of-view may mediate this effect (Bos et al., 2010), perspective may be another relevant... continue reading

Reanimation of Australian Megafauna, Extinct Species and New Zealand Moas

After the arrival of the first humans, Indigenous Australians, to the island continent, the previous megafauna became extinct. As many samples are still extant, deriving DNA samples or fragments and reverse engineering, through multiple... continue reading

Venture reproducibility

Venture capitalists work under the concept of investing small amounts in lots of startup companies, some of which will fail, some of which will make a little money, and a few of which will make a lot of money.

This is similar to [the "Miracle... continue reading

Unifying generative models and exact likelihood-free inference with conditional bijections

Recent work in density estimation uses a bijection $f : X \to Z$ (e.g. an invertible flow or autoregressive model) and a tractable density $p(z)$ (e.g. [1]... continue reading

Playing Games with Ideas: when epistemology pays off

In standard game theory analysis, gameplay proceeds using rational strategies. While there is no explicit link between rationality and strategy selection, playing to equilibrium solutions often depends on choosing the optimal strategy. Yet what if... continue reading

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