Heat-integrated household

In a typical household there are appliances for heating and other appliances for cooling. The former, including geysers, stoves, ovens and space heaters, typically use a heating element - an inefficient approach from an energy usage standpoint.... continue reading

Better modeling of membrane permeation through multi-membrane models

Membrane permeation is frequently modeled using a vector of relative permeabilities for each component that is permeated. However, no membrane material will have truly uniform permeability; instead, any particular membrane material exhibits... continue reading

Oxygen enrichment to enhance training effectiveness and physiological adaptation

For decades, sportspersons have lived by the adage “live high, train low,” an approach that has been repeatedly borne out by research. High altitude adaptations improve performance, while the availability of more oxygen at low altitude permits... continue reading

Operational and lifecycle advantages of hybridized iron ore reduction and biomass gasification

Recent research has demonstrated that biomass can be used as a reducing agent for iron ore but also that iron ore reduction can be coupled with biomass gasification, co-producing reduced iron and synthesis gas which can itself be converted to... continue reading

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