Open Access (OA) publishing is widely recognized as a critical resource for the advancement of scientific progress. The attention in biomedical research regarding OA is testified by the adherence of the World Health Organization (WHO) OA policy to... continue reading
HHI is typically calculated to observe the market structure and competition among the manufacturers for a specific product by using the market share of each manufacturer. Therefore, the HHI value shows the market power, potential buying pattern... continue reading
The Gini Coefficient is widely recognized as a means of evaluating inequality in resource allocation. It is applied most commonly to wealth and/or income, but has more recently been applied to a range of phenomena, as widespread as success rates... continue reading
Terror campaigns are perceived as a “.. weapon of the weak..” (Leiden & Schmitt, 1968), a refuge for actors lacking the political capital for a full coup d’état. Concentrated acts of terror could provide subversive political factions with clout,... continue reading
Compton scattering is the process in which an incident photon scatters with a stationary electron. Owing to its simplicity, Compton Scattering remains one of the processes introduced to High school students as well as to early undergraduates.... continue reading
Acoustic encodings for identity in the signature vocalizations of an individual should be perceived as similar to each other while distinct from those of other individuals (Falls, 1982; Shapiro, 2010). In contrast, different non-identity... continue reading
As a self-governing institution grows, it becomes a target for elite capture. Sortition, or governance by lottery, is a mechanism displacing elites and for preserving democratic rule. A large legislature with randomly appointed representatives, or... continue reading
Traditional asteroid defense uses methods such as high-speed collisions or explosions, which require relatively large amounts of energy. However, it takes a long time to use Solar sail or other electric propulsion to drag asteroids away. It is... continue reading
Agricultural intensification has caused the decline of farmland bird populations across Europe (Donald et al. 2001; [Rigal et al.... continue reading
Although the OECD and the European Union have generated structures to define research areas for various purposes, such classifications hinder the development of interdisciplinary studies. Usually, these classifications characterise an application... continue reading
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