Average difference entropy

Calculating Shannon entropy on octet streams can be confusing, especially with those who lack a background in mathematics. It's also not necessary in many cases. A more intuitive calculation, which is also easier to implement, involves calculating... continue reading

Temporally-displaced heat pump systems.

Conventional heat pumps use mechanical work to exchange heat, against a temperature gradient, between two reservoirs that are spatially displaced; ie heat is removed at one location and discharged at another. An alternative approach which has not... continue reading

Commercialization of Buddhist sacred trees to correct disconnections from nature

Enlightenment is the understanding of the universal facts while improving mental condition in to a supreme level. Last twenty eight Buddhas who attained this status have undergone the deep meditation, reflecting on his experience of life,... continue reading

Environmental Impact Assessment and wildlife: from a descriptive to an experimental approach

Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) aim to identify, quantify and mitigate or compensate for the impacts and cumulative effects of projects, such as transport infrastructures and power plants, on ecosystems. Therefore, consultants should... continue reading

Problems in Erzya subject-object-conjugation ambiguity

The Mordvin languages, Erzya and Moksha, are known for their subject and subject-object marking. The cellular structure and usage in the sibling languages diverge. Here, I discribe phenomena in Erzya.
The subject-object marking in Erzya involves... continue reading

Menu-Board Theory of Voting

The dictum of Public Choice Theory is that politics functions as a form of exchange. This assertion is very much true of the process of voting, where participants either select policies or representatives to make policy decisions. Public policy is... continue reading

Application of design of experiment methods from the industrial environment to crop science and medicine

In all scientific and engineering disciplines, the design of experiment is used to create experimental plans. Particularly in industrial experimentation, methods are available that are hardly or not at all used in agriculture. For example, the... continue reading

Tri-allelic SNPs outperform functional candidates for biochemical profile in Cannabis

Genomic technologies have revolutionized the fields of evolutionary biology and genetics, bringing with it the promise of our understanding of the functional basis and inheritance of key traits of interest. On the other hand, the stupendous amount... continue reading


As set out in NPBR.1. and JBI.2., MAOI OCD cure involves gut TRPA1 activation by radicals*,and vagal/trigeminal change influencing the parabrachial and subthalamic nuclei.3. The subthalamic nucleus is implicated in OCD.4. with ventral subthalamic... continue reading

Open Source Animal Tracking Device for Cattle

Grazing plays a central role in nature conservation, for example, grazing animals preserve biodiversity in the stand and the animals' droppings provide a habitat for insects. The development of animal-guided grazing requires geodata enriched with... continue reading


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