On the number of person and number categories in Mordvinic

In the finite-state description of Erzya and Moksha, four different types of person and number are attested. Personal and emphatic pronouns are tagged (Sg1, Sg2, Sg3, Pl1, Pl2, Pl3). Possessor indexing is indicated with ‹Px›: PxSg1, PxSg2,...... continue reading

George Spratt's Obstetric Tables on Medical Pedagogy and Professionalization

The Obstetric Tables created by George Spratt (ca. 1784-1840), also known as "Spratt's Flaps," reintroduced the use of layered paper as a tool in obstetrics after it had fallen out of service since the publication of Vesalius' book in the 16th... continue reading

Protective function of allergies against cancer proliferation within coastal communities.

Allergies have surged in coastal communities, prompting inquiry into adult-onset allergies like IgE
hypersensitivity to common foods rich in tropomyosins. Communities in Nagoya, Japan experience some of the highest shellfish allergy prevalence,... continue reading

A win-win strategy: wake plantations up

Natural forest plays a crucial role in global forest restoration and is even proved to be 40 times better than plantation at carbon storage (see S. L. Lewis et al. Nature 568, 25–28; 2019), but long-term natural regeneration will decrease small... continue reading

Building Climate Resilience in Southeast Asia with Digital Technologies

Southeast Asia is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its extensive coastlines and dense population. Building and strengthening climate resilience is crucial in this region. However, despite the recognition of the need for climate-resilient... continue reading

Emotive signaling as a possible adaptive advantage of light-coloured eyes

Blue eyes, and light-coloured eyes in general, are a comparatively unusual feature found in around 8% of the population, but are widely distributed globally and have risen in prevalence over time. The tenets of evolutionary biology posit that in... continue reading

Particle size: the missing link in food regulation and nutritional labeling to combat obesity and metabolic disorders.

Consumption of highly processed foods is strongly correlated with a multitude of negative health outcomes and has been identified as a driver in obesity epidemics worldwide. The precise mechanisms for this phenomenon are not well understood, but... continue reading

Thiel's Trap

Few economic concepts demonstrate scarcity as clearly as the Malthusian Trap. An economic condition where population growth outpaces food production (Malthus,1798). The fight for subsistence is in the rearview mirror of the developed world, but... continue reading

Alternative to Turing’s test on AI

As Turing wrote in his Can digital computers think?, we could know if a subject not of our own kind is an intelligent source through their output signals. However, the signal he selected is perhaps not as clear cut as he presupposed: “… it will be... continue reading

Proposal of Arbitrary THz Pulse Train Generation with Tunable Duration and Period

In theory, any waveform can be expanded into a Fourier series. Conversely, the inverse process can be utilized to synthesize arbitrary waveform signals. In Figure 1, an electro-optic frequency comb is initially employed to generate discrete and... continue reading


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