The Austrian Science Fund (FWF): Analyzing Decision Making and Peer Review

The legitimacy of a funding agency in basic research depends at least on the following factors:

  • organization’s ability to minimize distortions in approval probability by its decision procedure
  • the scientific quality of results produced by... continue reading

Time dependent and location dependent electric pricing using smart meters

Smart meters are increasingly deployed to electric endusers, with the prime goal of decreasing metering costs for the power companies.They can be set in a way that the momentary power usage is transmitted close to realtime.
The trading price of... continue reading

Complexity spaces will capture more a more nuanced understanding of technological evolution in the Pleistocene

In Paleolithic archaeology, we are interested in changes in complexity in technology, social networks, and communication over time. However, little research has been done to specify and quantify what is meant by ‘complexity.’ Recently that has... continue reading

Role of perspective in motion sickness induced by navigating a virtual environment

Some individuals report experiencing motion sickness when navigating virtual environments. While field-of-view may mediate this effect (Bos et al., 2010), perspective may be another relevant... continue reading

Reanimation of Australian Megafauna, Extinct Species and New Zealand Moas

After the arrival of the first humans, Indigenous Australians, to the island continent, the previous megafauna became extinct. As many samples are still extant, deriving DNA samples or fragments and reverse engineering, through multiple... continue reading

Synthetic Dataset Generation for Concept Drift Adaptation

Concept drift, a phenomenon where the statistical properties of the target variable change over time, poses a significant challenge in data stream mining. The low amount of real word datasets with concept drift make this challenge harder on many... continue reading

Herfindahl Hirschman Index (HHI) for assessing the competition among education selling countries

HHI is typically calculated to observe the market structure and competition among the manufacturers for a specific product by using the market share of each manufacturer. Therefore, the HHI value shows the market power, potential buying pattern... continue reading

Gini Coefficient for research funding

The Gini Coefficient is widely recognized as a means of evaluating inequality in resource allocation. It is applied most commonly to wealth and/or income, but has more recently been applied to a range of phenomena, as widespread as success rates... continue reading

Stratified sortition for balancing representativeness and efficiency in large participatory institutions

As a self-governing institution grows, it becomes a target for elite capture. Sortition, or governance by lottery, is a mechanism displacing elites and for preserving democratic rule. A large legislature with randomly appointed representatives, or... continue reading

Solar photovoltaic power stations in dry cereal farmland: how to convert habitat loss into landscape heterogeneity

Agricultural intensification has caused the decline of farmland bird populations across Europe (Donald et al. 2001; [Rigal et al.... continue reading


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