Traditional asteroid defense uses methods such as high-speed collisions or explosions, which require relatively large amounts of energy. However, it takes a long time to use Solar sail or other electric propulsion to drag asteroids away. It is... continue reading
Although the OECD and the European Union have generated structures to define research areas for various purposes, such classifications hinder the development of interdisciplinary studies. Usually, these classifications characterise an application... continue reading
Although the principles of transparency, integrity, accountability, stakeholders' participation, as well as participation and collaboration, are shared by both the open government and open science paradigms, referring to these practices often... continue reading
Galaxy rotation curves are a class of plots which have velocity of the galactic objects on the y-axis and the x-axis represents their radial distances from the galactic center. The experimental data indicates flatness of the curve which is... continue reading
Self-propagating mRNAs could be engineered to replicate itself and exit cells via microvesicles. They could be used in gene therapy to express target genes without disrupting the genomic DNA. These mRNAs have multiple open reading frames (ORFs).... continue reading
Polymathy is a multidimensional approach to learning and personal development that involves the pursuit, development, and application of knowledge characterized by three dimensions: breadth, depth, and integration. (1) Breadth refers to the... continue reading
Climate change is a worldwide problem felt locally in municipalities. Mitigation and adaptation climate actions are carried out by many entities . Multi-level governance articulates local,... continue reading
Online communities are high-throughput laboratories for governance change and innovation. Elinor Ostrom's idea of institutional diversity, that sustainable resource governance requires a diversity of governance forms and approaches, is well... continue reading
Global warming has increased due to accumulation of Carbon Dioxide, creating serious impacts on the existence of humans and their activities. The learning- teaching efficiency is also impacted by higher temperatures. The educational institutes... continue reading
Materials acceleration platforms have the potential to reduce the cost- and time-to-market of new materials from 20 million USD and 20 years to as little as 1 million USD and 1 year; however, the capital and expertise are often significant.... continue reading
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