Current thinking suggests diabetes has variable causes, is inevitably progressive, and causes hyperglycaemia. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease causing β-cell (source of insulin) death, and type 2 is an insulin activity deficiency (insulin... continue reading
An evidence synthesis, such as a systematic review, guideline or other evidence summary, will include collated and filtered data, typically from published reports of primary studies. Those studies were instigated, carried out, supported and to... continue reading
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Rabies is the cause of approximately 59,000 deaths annually worldwide. Rabies is 100% fatal and with no approved treatment or survivability upon clinical symptom presentation. With... continue reading
We have already known that nitric oxide plays a important part in long-term potentiation as a neurotransmission in our brain, especially in hippocampus, and consequently plays an important role in both short-term memory and long-term memory. Thank... continue reading
Highly reusable tools and code for bioinformatics, focused on
Electric fences have been used more successfully than non-electric fences in comparable settings for a variety of animals. The frequent breaking of electric fences by large mammals such as elephants that can pull a tree down on the fence, or... continue reading
Massive conservation projects have relied around single flagship species and the surrounding ecological niche that supports it. Conservation of giant panda, tiger, and bald eagle are examples of such a species-centric or flagship-species strategy... continue reading
Chronic alcoholism forces the nervous system to be hyper-excitable as a result of homeostatic change that occurs in response to the constant sedative effects of alcohol. We propose a combination therapy targeting inhibitory neurotransmitters such... continue reading
Lateral superior olive and medial superior olive are two brainstem nuclei that compare auditory inputs from the two ears to calculate the direction of azimuthal source of sound. While the level and delay processing has been considered... continue reading
Cichlid fishes have undergone massive speciation in [recent years] (http://www.nature.com/nrg/journal/v5/n4/full/nrg1316.html). The species number of Cichlid fishes in [African lakes are in hundreds]... continue reading
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