Using a lens instead of a mirror for collimating light in display holography

When recording display holograms, the traditional method of collimating (making parallel) a diverging light beam is to use a parabolic mirror. This is a good method for the least light loss and the most perfect collimation, but the mirror needs to... continue reading

Emotive signaling as a possible adaptive advantage of light-coloured eyes

Blue eyes, and light-coloured eyes in general, are a comparatively unusual feature found in around 8% of the population, but are widely distributed globally and have risen in prevalence over time. The tenets of evolutionary biology posit that in... continue reading

Alternative to Turing’s test on AI

As Turing wrote in his Can digital computers think?, we could know if a subject not of our own kind is an intelligent source through their output signals. However, the signal he selected is perhaps not as clear cut as he presupposed: “… it will be... continue reading

Protocol Society

The concept of “protocol society” is an invitation to see social structures through the lens of the protocol—a set of voluntary rules governing communication and conduct. Examples include monastic rules, cross-border financial systems, diplomatic... continue reading

Interacting With A Computer While You Are In A Chest-Deep Salt Water Tank -- Is It Feasible?

I propose research into a new alternative to sitting in a chair that could enhance one’s comfort and concentration during long hours of computer work.

For peak concentration on your computer screen, it’s best to be upright and stationary. ... continue reading

A Game-Changing Cross-Disciplinary Horticultural Experiment Design

Linguistic works Human_Enha revealed how scientific terms can be lost, mis-understood or manipulated during translation. So does the naming of plant cultivars for important edible horticultural... continue reading

Environmental Impact Assessment and wildlife: from a descriptive to an experimental approach

Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) aim to identify, quantify and mitigate or compensate for the impacts and cumulative effects of projects, such as transport infrastructures and power plants, on ecosystems. Therefore, consultants should... continue reading

Human Enhanced AI Translation Should Pioneer in Aiding Underdeveloped Areas to Fight Pandemics

COVID outbreaks have highlighted the importance of collaboration across geographical and political borders. Yet the English terminology associated with it can be confusing when multiple English-as-Second-or-Other-Language (ESOL) jurisdictions are... continue reading

The Intrapersonal Collective Action Problem

As economist Thomas Schelling astutely points out in his paper Egonomics or the Art of Self-Management (1978), people are often conflicted in their decision-making by current satisfaction and long-term goals. Since these goals are contrary, it is... continue reading

Effect of PH on Copper hypertolarence: How does the Copper exporters of Staphylococcus aureus are maintaining its functionality within low PH of Phagosome ?

We know that, when any bacterium entered into our body as per the innate immunity phagocytic cells majorly macrophages activated and use copper into phagosome to kill the phagocytized bacterium. Unfortunately most of the bacterium is capable to... continue reading


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