Utility of kidney dialysis for recovery following marathons or ultra-marathons

Recent observations indicate the presence of Acute Kidney Injury and impaired renal function in a majority of participants in marathons of a standard distance of 42.2km (26.2mi). This impairment, and the resulting electrolyte imbalances, may delay... continue reading

Hypothesis: systemic low-grade tissue hypoxia as contributing causative mechanism for Long COVID

Silent hypoxia is one of the key clinical features of COVID-19 infection. Some of the hypothesized underlying causes of silent hypoxia, such as endothelial and micro-vascular dysfunction, and micro-clots inhibiting perfusion, would exert a... continue reading

Gini Coefficient for research funding

The Gini Coefficient is widely recognized as a means of evaluating inequality in resource allocation. It is applied most commonly to wealth and/or income, but has more recently been applied to a range of phenomena, as widespread as success rates... continue reading

Aeroplane-mounted real-time micro-plastic detectors

Recent research has discovered airborne micro-plastic particles in clouds, and it is theorized that these particles may influence cloud formation and precipitation by providing nucleation sites for condensation. With the rapidly rising levels of... continue reading

Variable-angle and variable-curvature fluidizing bed for continuous processes involving changing particles

In a fluidized bed, a fluid stream passes through a bed of solid particles at a velocity high enough to effectively suspend those particles by way of the friction effects on their surfaces. Fluidized beds are widely-used as chemical reactors... continue reading

Particle size: the missing link in food regulation and nutritional labeling to combat obesity and metabolic disorders.

Consumption of highly processed foods is strongly correlated with a multitude of negative health outcomes and has been identified as a driver in obesity epidemics worldwide. The precise mechanisms for this phenomenon are not well understood, but... continue reading

Emotive signaling as a possible adaptive advantage of light-coloured eyes

Blue eyes, and light-coloured eyes in general, are a comparatively unusual feature found in around 8% of the population, but are widely distributed globally and have risen in prevalence over time. The tenets of evolutionary biology posit that in... continue reading


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